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小升初英语重点知识点总结

2020-3-13 16:19| 发布者: 衡水精英教育| 查看: 416| 评论: 0



日期的表示法


用the+序数词+ of +月

如:三月三日 the third of March;

12月25日 the 25th of December.


both 表示两者都


如:My parents are both teachers.

all表示三者以上都

如:The students are all very excited.


节日的表示法


有day的节日前用on.

没有day的节日前用at,

如:at Christmas; on Christmas Day; at New Year; on New Year’s Day.


激动兴奋的


excited表示激动的,兴奋地主语是人;

exciting表示令人激动的,令人兴奋的主语是事情

如:The running race is very exciting, so all the students are very excited.

赛跑非常令人激动,因此所有的学生都很激动。


比较


两者比较用比较级,三者以上比较用最高级

如:Who runs faster, the boy or the girl? The boy does

谁跑得更快,男孩还是女孩?男孩。

Which season do you like best? I like autumn best.

你最喜欢哪个季节?我最喜欢秋天。

Which season do you like better, summer or winter? I like winter better.

你更喜欢哪个季节,夏天还是冬天?我更喜欢冬天。


动词还原的用法


前面用了do, does did, don’t, doesn’t didn’t后面动词要还原。

如:Did she watch TV last night?

Helen doesn’t like taking photos.

到了


到达用get to

但注意到家,到这儿,到那儿不可以加to

如:get home; get here; get there,

另外go home; come here; go there也一样。


长着和穿着


长着什么用with

如:the girl with big eyes 大眼睛的女孩;

穿着什么用in

如:the man in black穿黑衣服的男人

或:the woman in the white skirt 穿白色短裙的妇女


让某人做某事


用let sb后加动词原形

如:Let’s water the flowers together.

是该做…的时候了用It’s time for+名词或It’s time to +动原。

帮助某人做某事是help sb with sth

如:帮我学英语是 help me with my English


树上


外来的东西在树上用in the tree

如:the bird in the tree;

树上长的用on the tree

如:the apples on the tree


运动和乐器


球类之前不加the;

乐器之前必须加the

如:play the piano; play football




现在进行时


表示正在发生的事情或进行的动作,常与now,listen,look等词连用,结构是主语+be动词(am, is, are)+动词ing.

如:It is raining now.

外面正在下雨

It is six o’clock now.

现在6点了

My parents are reading newspapers in the sitting room.

我父母正在客厅看报纸

Look! The children are having a running race now.

看!孩子们正在赛跑

问句将be动词移前,否定句在be动词后+not.

一般现在时


表示经常反复发生的事情或动作,常与often, usually, sometimes, always, every day(week year…) on Sundays等词连用。

结构是主语+动词原形;当主语为第三人称单数即he,she, it, Tom, my mother, the boy等词时,动词后加s或es.

如:We have an English lesson every day.

我们每天都要上英语课

Do the boys run faster than the girls? Yes, they do.

男孩比女孩跑的快吗?是的

问句借助于do, does否定句借助于don’t, doesn’t,后面动词一定要还原。


一般过去时


表示发生在过去的事情或存在的状态,常与just now; a moment ago; … ago; yesterday; last ( week; month; year; Monday; weekend); this morning等词连用。

结构是主语+be动词的过去式(was; were)或主语+动词的过去式。

注意:be动词与动词过去式不可同时使用。

如:My earphones were on the ground just now.

我的耳机刚刚还在呢。

Where were you last week? I was at a camp.

你上个星期去哪了?我去野营了

What did you do yesterday? I visited a farm

你昨天去干嘛了?我去参观农场了。

问句有be动词将be动词移前,没有be动词借助于did,后面动词还原;

否定句有be动词在后面加not,没有借助于didn't后面动词还原。


一般将来时


表示将要打算发生的事情或动作,常与tomorrow, next week(year; Tuesday…), this week( weekend ;evening; afternoon;…)today等词连用。结构是主语+be(am, is, are) going to + 动原或主语+will +动原。

如:What are you going to do tomorrow? I am going to have a picnic.

你明天要去干嘛?我要去野餐。

The childre are going to have a sports meeting next week.

孩子们下个星期将参加运动会。

Tom will/is going to see a play with his father this evening.

Tom今晚将和父母去看演出。

问句将be动词或will移前;否定句在be动词或will后加not.

 
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